Etel Adnan (b. 1925, Beirut / Lebanon; d. 2021, Paris) was a poet, essayist and visual artist based in Lebanon, France and USA . In the late 1950s she began to teach philosophy at the Dominican University of San Rafael California and started to paint. In 2012 she participated in the documenta 13 in Kassel. Etel Adnan studied at the Sorbonne, Paris; University of California, Berkeley; and Harvard University, Cambridge.