artists & participants
An exhibition organised by the Réunion des Musées Nationaux, the Musée National Picasso, the Musée du Louvre and the Musée d’Orsay. Sponsored by LVMH / Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton.
Pablo Picasso was trained in the strict rules of academic painting at a very early age, first by his father, José Ruiz-Blasco, a teacher at the fine art school in Málaga and director of the Malaga Museum, and then as a student (1893-1899) at the fine arts school of La Corùna, at La Lonja (Barcelona), and then at the San Fernando Academy (Madrid). Drawings from the antique, statuary and architectonics, copies of paintings by the great Spanish masters and the study of the history of European art formed the core of this training, rooted in the humanist pictorial tradition which reminds us that Picasso was born in the 19th century (1881). Academic drawings, history paintings, genre scenes, epic or religious compositions, sombre effects, large, pretentious canvases, competitions, official painting and art galleries were the daily labour, the references and prospects of his formative years.
The oppression felt by the virtuoso youth, who never drew as a child does but was immediately confronted with Michelangelo and Raphael, long nourished a subversive urge which drove him into the most radical formal innovations, Cubism, and to the foundation of modern art.
Simultaneously a brilliant academic artist (he won a medal at 19) and a rabid destroyer of established forms, Picasso kept up an ongoing dialogue with the grand tradition in painting. His posture was not – as it was in many artists of his generation – merely a reflection of a period in the throes of change, but the driving force shaping his pictorial ambitions. It operated from his first major composition on an allegorical subject, Science and Charity (1896), until the last canvases after Velazquez, Titian and Rembrandt, in which an obsessive self-portrait lurked beneath the masks of musketeers, musicians and matadors. The period of “variations” on Delacroix, Velazquez or Manet (1950-1962) forms the best-known and most explicit episode in this process of critical revisiting which runs throughout his work.
Bringing together 210 works from the most prestigious public and private, French and international collections, Picasso and the Masters at the Galeries nationales du Grand Palais takes stock of this process.
Confronting past and present, going beyond changes in style and formal innovations, the exhibition presents, in a cross between thematic and chronological approaches, guided by Picasso’s painting alone : El Greco, Vélasquez, Goya, Zurbaran, Ribera, Melendez, Poussin, Le Nain, Dubois, Chardin, David, Ingres, Delacroix, Manet, Courbet, Lautrec, Degas, Puvis de Chavannes, Cézanne, Renoir, Gauguin, Douanier Rousseau, Titien, Cranach, Rembrandt, Van Gogh. Spanish, French, Italian, or German, these artists are the multifaceted framework of a narrow motif in which painting learns from painting.
Unprecedented pictorial cannibalism is at work in Picasso’s approach. He made painting of painting into a system. Breaking away from the academic procedures of the transmission and reproduction of tradition – copy, paraphrase, quotation – this new method put painting at the very heart of knowledge of the world. Transposition, mimicry, deviation, distortion are some of the figures in the strategy used by Picasso in the treatment of his favourite painters. He thus fertilised the modus operandi of modern and contemporary creation, sometimes also pulling it towards perverse duplication, irony and pastiche.
Anne Baldassari, Excerpt from the introduction to the exhibition catalogue
Concurrently, two theme exhibitions of Picasso’s works are on show, one around Delacroix’s Women of Algiers, at the Louvre, and the other around Manet’s Picnic, at the Musee d’Orsay.
Curators Anne Baldassari, director of the Musée National Picasso, Paris Marie-Laure Bernadac, General curator, in charge of contemporary art at the Louvre
only in german
Picasso et les maîtres
Galeries nationales - Grand Palais, Champs-Elysées
Kuratoren: Anne Baldassari, Marie-Laure Bernadac
Künstler: Pablo Picasso und El Greco, Diego Velázquez, Francisco de Goya, Francisco de Zurbarán, José de Ribera, Luis Melendez, Nicolas Poussin, Louis le Nain (Frères Le Nain ), Ambroise Dubois (Ecole de Fontainebleau), Jean-Siméon Chardin, Louis David, Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, Eugène Delacroix, Édouard Manet, Gustave Courbet, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Edgar Degas, Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, Paul Cézanne, Auguste Renoir, Paul Gauguin, Henri Rousseau, Tizian , Lucas Cranach, Rembrandt van Rijn, Vincent van Gogh ...